African americans in yonkers
the naacp & nbpa
The NAACP was founded in 1909 and stands for the National Association of the Advancement of Colored People. The NAACP “is the nation's oldest and largest civil rights organization. From the ballot box to the classroom, the thousands of dedicated workers, organizers, leaders and members who make up the NAACP continue to fight for social justice for all Americans.”  They were and are very present in Yonkers, NY and fight for the injustices committed against African Americans. The NBPA stands for the National Black Police Association and was founded in 1972. The NBPA is “a nationwide organization dedicated to the promotion of justice, fairness, and effectiveness in law enforcement. The principal concerns of the NBPA center upon law enforcement issues and the effect of those issues upon the total community. The NBPA serves as an advocate for minority police officers and establishes a national network for the training and education of all police officers and others interested in law enforcement.” Both organizations focusing on justice and fairness occasionally collaborate to provide support for the African American community. These groups are and have also been involved in numerous cases in Yonkers, New York and have been an important part of African American life and culture. One of the many involvements these organizations have had with African Americans in Yonkers is the Police Misconduct and Police Brutality case. Yonkers Police Department officers were called out for their continuous brutality and misconduct towards African Americans. A second case that was handled by the NAACP was the lawsuit against Yonkers in 1985. The NAACP won the case and the federal district court judge Leonard Sand ruled that,
 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People , "NAACP." Last modified 2009-2012. Accessed May 6, 2012. http://www.naacp.org/.
 National Black Police Association, Last modified 1972-2013. Accessed May 6, 2012. http://blackpolice.org/.
 WESTCHESTER CHAPTER OF THE NATIONAL BLACK POLICE ASSOCIATION, "WESTCHESTER NBPA AND YONKERS NAACP TAKE A STANCE AGAINST POLICE BRUTALITY AND MISCONDUCT." Last modified November 7, 2007. Accessed May 6, 2012. http://westchesterblackwatch.blogspot.com/2007/11/westchester-nbpa-and-yonkers-naacp-take.html  Show Me a Hero: A Tale of Murder, Suicide, Race, and Redemption, Lisa Belkin. Little, Brown, and Company, 1999. Reviewed by W. Dennis Keating