History of the Civil Rights movement By Cristina Vignone
On Thursday, December 1, 1955, Tuskegee-born seamstress Rosa Parks sat in a row designated for black riders on a Montgomery, Alabama bus.
As the vehicle filled up with passengers, the driver demanded that Parks and her fellow black bus riders offer their seats to white travelers. Violating the segregation law, Parks refused to comply, was arrested and was consequently found guilty at a trial on December 5 of “[r]efusing to obey orders of bus driver.” As she appealed the decision in the Supreme Court, NAACP leader E.D. Nixon began what would be nearly a month-long Montgomery Bus Boycott. Jo Ann Robinson, the leader of the Women’s Political Council, circulated a pamphlet with instructions on how to participate:
In the following audio interview “Commentary of a Black Southern Busrider,” Rosa Parks discusses why she decided to break the law keeping blacks in the back of city buses, what rights she felt had been infringed upon, and how her arrest impacted the broader Civil Rights Movement. Like many blacks, Parks believed that living as though she always had to avoid trouble was no way to live at all: “The time had just come, when I had been pushed as far as I could be pushed…”
 Police Report, December 1, 1955 Civil Case 1147. Browder, et al v. Gayle, et. al. U.S. District Court for Middle District of Alabama, Northern (Montgomery) Division Record Group 21: Records of the District Court of the United States. National Archives and Records Administration-Southeast Region, East Point, GA. http://www.archives.gov/global-pages/larger-image.html?i=/education/lessons/rosa-parks/images/police-report-2-l.jpg&c=/education/lessons/rosa-parks/images/police-report-2.caption.html
 Stewart Burns, Daybreak of Freedom: The Montgomery Bus Boycott (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997), 5.
 Pamela E. Brooks, Boycotts, Buses, and Passes: Black Women's Resistance in the U.S. South and South Africa (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2008), 185-6.
 “Commentary of a Black Southern Busrider,” Part 1 of Pacifica Radio Archives [April 1956], accessed March 17, 2012, http://www.archive.org/details/pra_powerofafricanamericanwomen_1.