History of the Civil Rights movement By Cristina Vignone
At the beginning of the 1940s, 485,000 blacks lived in New York City and approximately 300,000 of that total resided in Harlem. Terrible living conditions and unequal employment opportunities continued to plague the population, making Harlem a hotbed of racial tension. On August 1 Evelyn Seely, an African American woman, was arrested at the Braddock Hotel for breaching the peace. When Robert Brady, a black soldier, defended Seely after she was struck by a police officer, a fight between the men broke out. Brady was shot in the shoulder after he allegedly hit the policeman with his own nightstick.
Like the incident nearly ten years before, a rumor quickly circulated that a black man had been killed by white law enforcement and crowds took to the streets.
The riot that ensued targeted all signs of the white presence in Harlem: the police were attacked, stores were vandalized and looted and automobiles were destroyed.
But the protests also centered on exposing the mistreatment of black servicemen by their white counterparts, “a terribly sore point with the Negroes.” At the end of the riot, six black residents were dead, nearly 200 people were injured and 550 people were arrested. The New York Times investigated the event, noting that tension between white and black residents of Harlem, especially because of discrepancies in living conditions, contributed to the causes of the riot:
The newspaper continued to cover the riot, echoing Mayor LaGuardia’s denial of racism in inciting the riot but also stating “if any part of our population suffers from grievances we must do what we can to address them.” The following three articles from The New York Times demonstrate the newspaper’s investigation of New York City’s “race problem” after the Harlem race riot of 1943 and identify a trend toward the recognition of civil right’s injustices.
 Neil A. Wynn, The A to Z of the Roosevelt-Truman Era Issue 103 (Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, 2009), 191.
 Dominic T. Capeci, Jr., The Harlem Riot of 1943 (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1977), 97-8.
 Ibid, 99-101. "RACE BIAS DENIED AS RIOTING FACTOR: Spokesmen for Negro Groups Lay Harlem Disorders to Sporadic Hoodlumism. Authorities Are Praised. Appeals Are Made to All of Residents to United in Aiding Restoration of Order." New York Times, August 3, 1943. ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2008) with Index (1851-1993), 11.
 Ibid, 102.
 “Harlem’s Tragedy,” New York Times August 3, 1943 (1923-Current file). ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2008) with Index (1851-1993), 18.
 "NO TIME FOR COMPLACENCY," New York Times, August 4, 1943. ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2008) with Index (1851-1993), 16.
 Turner Catledge, “Behind Our Menacing Race Problem: In the dissensions between whites and Negroes lie deep-rooted forces that grow in complexity,” New York Times, August 8, 1943. ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2008) with Index (1851-1993), SM7.