History of the Civil Rights movement By Cristina Vignone
On June 11, 1963 President John F. Kennedy delivered a speech intended to induce a nation-wide conscience examination regarding the Civil Rights movement. Earlier in the spring the Birmingham Campaign—a protest movement organized by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to bring attention to segregation and unequal job opportunities for blacks through kneel- and sit-ins, boycotts of businesses and marches—had come to a violent end. The media captured black men, women and children brutalized by law officers, hit by high-pressure fire hoses and attacked by police dogs, leading President Kennedy to identify “a moral crisis” in the nation.
But the most memorable moment was the seventeen-minute long speech given by Martin Luther King, Jr. on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. “I Have a Dream” immediately resonated with the crowd of civil rights supporters, but it was also broadcast directly into American homes through television and the radio. King’s speech addressed the major points of the movement:
Less than one month later, the Civil Rights Act bill went into effect, upholding every citizen’s “constitutional right to vote” and district courts’ authority to “provide injunctive relief against discrimination in public accommodations.”
…authorize[d] the Attorney General to institute suits to protect constitutional rights in public facilities and public education, to extend the Commission on Civil Rights, to prevent discrimination in federally assisted programs, [and] to establish a Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity...
These provisions and others—protections against police aggression and discrimination in private employment remained notably absent—are included in the text of the Act included here. The 1963 report by the United States Commission on Civil Rights is also incorporated, indicating “…the long denial of equal opportunity…[that had] inflicted deep wounds upon the Negro community.”
United States Commission on Civil Rights [pages 1-9] (1963): http://www.law.umaryland.edu/marshall/usccr/documents/cr11963a.pdf
Civil Rights Act (1964):
 Maurice Isserman and Michael Kazin, America Divided: The Civil War of the 1960s (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), 88-9.
 "Radio and Television Report to the American People on Civil Rights, June 11, 1963," John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, http://www.jfklibrary.org/Research/Ready-Reference/JFK-Speeches/Radio-and-Television-Report-to-the-American-People-on-Civil-Rights-June-11-1963.aspx.
 Civil Rights '63. United States Commission on Civil Rights. Washington, DC. 1963. CR1.1963:1a, 1.