Political foundation of yonkers by Nusrat M. Jahan
After numerous back and forth decisions by the City Council, 200 units of townhouse-style public housing were built on several sites throughout East Yonkers in 1992. However, for the next five years, City leaders opposed the placement of affordable housing in East Yonkers which was second part of remedy order. In 1999, the State of New York was found liable for its role in segregation of Yonkers schools and was required to pay half of Yonkers costs for desegregation efforts. By December, the State of New York agreed to pay $16.4 million to help Yonkers build new housing and buy existing homes for black and Hispanic families and other income-qualified buyers. A federal judge approved a $300 million settlement in 2002 in the lawsuit against the Yonkers public school that ended more than two decades of litigation and federal intervention in the state's fourth-largest school district. The settlement committed the state over the next five years to pay $7.5 million for 600 single-family homes and condominiums, including subsidies of as much as $20,000 for the lowest-earning families for down payments, closing costs and repairs. Under the agreement, the state would pay $6.4 million for building 118 new houses and rental apartments in three locations in Yonkers: Yonkers Avenue, Hoover Road and East Grassy Sprain Road. Yonkers is about to break ground on a fourth site required by the Federal Court order, 22 homes on Cross Street. Finally settled in May 2007, the district court-ordered an intra-district school desegregation remedy along with a housing remedy that consisted of the construction of 200 units of public housing and reservation of 600 homes for low income families in a predominantly white neighborhood.
The settlement concluded that:
According to Walsh, “[g]iven the concentration of power in the Yonkers City Council, the members would not have received legislative immunity for the failure to enact the proposed housing legislation because they did not function solely as legislators.” This power solidified the decision made by the council regarding land use and housing, the characteristic of an administrative agency more than that of a legislative body. Jeffrey Pastore from Pace University who also was the Special Master and Court appointed Monitor for the School Desegregation of the case believed the city council’s adverse responses represented a variety of feelings.
Since then, the district court has adopted several race-neutral plans designed to remedy the continuing effects of discrimination. It is highly unlikely that a pattern of subsidized housing which so perfectly preserved the overwhelmingly white character of East Yonkers came about for reasons unrelated to race”. Each time the existing plan was modified, the court found that the petitioner had actively or passively resisted implementation of that plan, and additional measures were required. Judge Sand ordered Yonkers to open its neighborhoods to the outsiders and allow them to “transform their lives.”
 Winnie Hu. "Judge Approves Settlement In Yonkers Desegregation Suit." New York Times, March 27, 2002.
 Elsa Brenner. "Yonkers Bias Case, the 'Ongoing Saga'." New York Times, January 31, 1999.
 Erin Nave, 185.
"Excerpts From the Yonkers Desegregation Decision." New York Times, September 25, 1996.
 Amy Walsh, 249.
 Joseph Pastore, "Yonkers Politics Interview." April 10, 2012. Lisa Belkin, 13.
 Ibid, 14.